Cappuccino consists of three layers. The first is a shot of espresso, then a shot of steamed milk, and finally the barista adds a layer of frothed, foamy milk.
A latte consists steamed (or scalded) milk and a single shot of coffee.
Flat white, the steamed milk from the bottom of the jug (which is usually not so frothy, but rather creamy) is poured over a shot of espresso.
You can make this type of coffee quite simply by adding hot water to a shot of espresso coffee.
Espresso is made by, shooting boiling water under high pressure through finely ground up coffee beans and then pour into a tiny mug.
A macchiato is a shot of espresso which is then topped off with foamed milk dashed directly into the cup.
A ‘mocha’ is just a latte with added chocolate powder or syrup, as well as sometimes being topped with whipped cream.
Irish coffee is brewed with whiskey, expresso, and a thick layer of cream on the top